Charles Stallions Real Estate Services Inc.

How to change a second home to a primary home & why


The tax benefits of owning both a first and second home can be significant, with the IRS allowing taxpayers to deduct interest and property taxes on both properties as itemized deductions on their tax returns, albeit with certain limitations. Interest deductions are limited to the amount of debt incurred to buy, build, or improve the first and/or second home, with a maximum cap of $750,000. Property taxes, falling under the limitation of state and local taxes as set forth in the TCJA of 2017, are capped at $10,000 per year.

However, while second homes enjoy these benefits, they do not qualify for the Section 121 exclusion sale of principal residence rules. These rules only apply to a taxpayer’s principal residence, allowing couples filing jointly to exclude up to $500,000 of capital gain from the sale of their primary home, and single filers up to $250,000 of gain, provided they have owned and used the property as their principal residence for two out of the five preceding years.

Taxpayers considering selling their second home, which wouldn’t qualify for the exclusion, may explore changing its status to their principal residence. This entails owning and using the property as their principal residence for two years, along with careful documentation and planning to qualify for the exclusion. Indicators of a principal residence include making the second home the preferred mailing address for various documents, ensuring all family members reside there most of the time, having utilities in the homeowner’s name, and updating addresses with relevant entities.

Changing the status of the second home to the principal residence can be beneficial to avoid recognizing gain on the sale. However, it’s crucial to consult with a tax advisor to determine eligibility and ensure proper documentation and support for the change. This guidance will help navigate the process effectively and maximize tax benefits for the homeowner.

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    Charles helped me find an incredible deal on a property by Woodham Middle School.  He dealt fairly and professionally during the transaction representing both sides.  It was a very smooth transaction.


    I contacted Charles to help find a rental for a relative.  Charles knows Pensacola. I closed loans for Charles years ago and he was always professional and reliable.  My relative found a place on their own.  I will contact Charles again when searching for property.


    Although I am not into a new home yet, Charles Stallions has been honest and has followed through. He tells it like it is and doesn’t waste my time. I feel hopeful that with his help I will find the right home

    Dean and Betty Bourne
    I’d like to take this opportunity to tell you all about the exceptional service and experience my wife and I had when selling our house.  I have know Charles for over six years and when it came time to sell my house I naturally went to him for assistance.  We met and discussed the value and what work needed to be done to get our best price.  That being completed we listed the house.  Within one week we had 3 showings (before it hit the MLS).  We got 2 offers from those showing and I made approximately $10,000 more than I expected.  Charles is a competent, trustworthy realtor, but more importantly he is a native of Pensacola and has an extensive network of other real estate agents, banks and closing agent, and trades people and service providers necessary to complete the sale or purchase of your property.  I highly recommend Charles Stallions Real Estate Services for you real estate needs.
    Delos E.Boardman

    I would like to express my appreciation for the 12 years of managing my rental property there in Pensacola as effectively and efficiently as all of you did. It was always a pleasure to hear from Michelle even when I knew it was about to cost me for a repair for whatever. You always delivered the news of an upcoming expense in the most pleasant way and made me feel better about what I was about to spend. Rianna also helped me sort out those expenses at tax time which made filing them accurately much easier.

    Charles, thanks for taking care of business all those years, keeping the property rented, and ultimately getting the place sold. I believe the only single occasion where there was any sort of issue actually was caused by the Post Office delivering a check over three weeks after it was sent.

    All things considered I feel my choice to use your services was a very good one.

    Thanks again for your professionalism and I wish you the best success in the future.

    Rich Henson